When it concerns loading and lifting huge items, there are a variety of mobile and static cranes available, each with its weight, size, and lifting capacity. It is vital to consider both the heavy load and the diameter to hoist the load while choosing the proper type of crane for the job. Four of the most frequent heavy lifting cranes used in construction and other sectors are listed below:
- Mobile cranes
The mobile crane, which may be mounted on a vehicle or wheels, is the most common piece of heavy-lifting equipment. They may be found on a wide range of construction projects, including pipelines, buildings, bridges, and highway maintenance. When the boom is completely extended, most mobile cranes have a lifting capability of Three to 50 tons and can operate at a level of up to 450 feet.
- Tower crane
A tower crane will be used to carry massive tools, steel, concrete, or other heavy materials on any significant construction job. Because of their great size, these cranes are erected and dismantled on-site. Many of them measure several hundred feet tall. The radius of the lifting arm affects the lifting capability. The lifting capacity for a short radius is closer to 4 tons, whereas the lifting capacity for a maximum radius is significantly lower, at around 1 ton.
- Marine crane
The ocean crane is made to connect to a sea vessel or be placed up extremely near the coast. The boat’s cranes lift huge items and transport them to a different location on land or in the sea. The land-based cranes are used to hoist the boat into or out of the ocean, convenient for marinas that keep boats onshore during the winter. Marine cranes are available in many sizes and configurations, as well as a variety of jobs, including telescopic, rigid, and folding knuckle booms.
- Gantry crane
The gantry is comparable to heavy lifting cranes bridge cranes in design, but it is currently the preferred piece of equipment in storage yards for transferring huge products or equipment. This crane is linked to two A-frames and slides back and forth through its horizontal rails at the top. The lifting capability of gantry cranes varies depending on their size, with smaller versions capable of lifting 10 tons and bigger models capable of carrying up to 100 tons. Since the technology continues to advance, expect much and different types of heavy lifting cranes in days to come.